Analysis Of The Application Of Blowing Balloon Therapy To Improve Breath Patterns In Children With Pneumonia At Hospital X Bekasi


  • Susi Hartati Department of Nursing, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Mitra Keluarga Bekasi, Indonesia
  • Dewati Wahyu Indah Sari Department of Nursing, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Mitra Keluarga


: pneumonia, blowing balloon, breathing patterns, respiration frequency, clinical respiration score (CRS)


Pneumonia is usually marked by coughing and runny nose to shortness of breath which is a well-known disease in the community
and easily attacks children, this disease mainly attacks the children's lung organs. One of the main nursing problems that arise due to
pneumonia is an ineffective breathing pattern, where ventilation is not optimal. As a nurse, to provide non-pharmacological therapy
in the form of innovative balloon-blowing therapy to improve oxygenation status in pediatric patients, especially those with breathing
pattern problems. This innovation was carried out using the case study method for 3 patients. Balloon blowing therapy which is
carried out by inhaling air from the nose and expelling it through the inflated mouth then the air coming out of the mouth is put into
the balloon until the balloon is inflated, with the inclusion criteria applied to children aged 3-12 years, experiencing signs of
respiratory distress, children with a diagnosis medical pneumonia and bronchopneumonia and cooperative. This balloon-blowing
therapy was evaluated by looking at the respiratory frequency for 3 days with an observation sheet and an assessment of the clinical
respiration score (CRS). The results for 3 days in the three patients showed a decrease in respiratory frequency with an average of
before the action of 24 x/minute and after the procedure 21 x/minute, and the evaluation of the three patients included mild
respiratory disorders. Based on evaluation results for 3 days with three patients, it was concluded that this balloon-blowing therapy
improved the breathing pattern of pediatric patients by decreasing the respiratory rate to become slow and regular.